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Medtronic, Inc. (“Medtronic”) offers RemoteView, which permits a user (“Programmer User”) of the Medtronic CareLink® 2090 Programmer (“Programmer”) to allow the viewing of information presently displayed on the Programmer screen with one or more individuals in remote locations anywhere in the world (“Remote Viewer”), including remote health care professionals or Medtronic representatives.
Limited License Grant. You are hereby granted a nonexclusive, nontransferable, terminable, nonassignable, nonsublicensable, limited license to install and use a copy of the Licensed Software solely for authorized and legitimate purposes. You may not otherwise copy, use, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, create derivative works based on, or integrate with other systems or programs the Licensed Software without the prior written consent of Medtronic. You shall have sole responsibility for any fees or charges, including service or data charges, incurred by you in connection with your use of the Licensed Software. You shall not remove any proprietary or other legend or restrictive notice contained or included in the Licensed Software or other documentation associated with such Licensed Software. You agree to maintain any and all copyright, trademark, and other notices on the Licensed Software and any associated documentation.
Licensed Software Functionality and Data Use, Collection, Viewing, and Transfer.
“Active Remote Viewer” as referred to herein shall mean a Remote Viewer that has installed the Licensed Software and has at the relevant point in time an active network connection to a Medtronic server via the Licensed Software.
By installing or using the Licensed Software or clicking any acceptance button in connection with this Agreement, you acknowledge, understand, agree to, and consent to all of the following, including when you are an Active Remoter User:
) Registration. To obtain access to the Licensed Software, you must register at the Medtronic RemoteView website and establish a user name and password. All information that you provide in connection with such registration must be complete, accurate, and truthful. The user name and password are personal to you and must not be shared with anyone else. You will also not attempt, directly or indirectly, to disable, bypass, or defeat any password protection associated with the Licensed Software. Medtronic reserves the right to deny or disable any user name or password or request for any user name or password.
) Your Personal Information. Medtronic will collect information in connection with your registration and installation and use of the Licensed Software, including your first and last name, your email address, a selected security question(s) and your corresponding answer(s), your address, and your telephone number. You agree that Medtronic may store this personal information about you on a Medtronic server, including a server located in the United States of America.
) Session Key. To view the information on the Programmer, the Remote Viewer must generate a Session Key that must be shared with and entered by the Programmer User. “Session Key” as used herein means a unique token active for a limited period of time generated by the Remote Viewer. You agree not to share this Session Key with anyone other than the Programmer User who has initiated the specific session.
) Logging of Session Activity. Each time you log in to the Licensed Software, Medtronic will collect information about your activity, including in an aggregated log or database, regarding you and your session, including your name, username, computer name, IP address, operating system details, and session details (including transferring and sharing activity, start and end times, view only or control activity, and any chat messages between or among any Active Remote Viewers. You agree that Medtronic may store any personal information about you on a Medtronic server, including a server located in the United States of America.
) Active Remote Users. When you are an Active Remote Viewer: (1) you will be able to view the name and/or user name of any other Active Remote Viewer who is logged into the same Medtronic server; and (2) any other Active Remote Viewer who is actively logged into the same Medtronic server will be able to view your name and/or user name. The Licensed Software also permits one Active Remote Viewer to share the information being viewed to any other Active Remote Viewer. You must not share any information from the Medtronic programmer, including with any other Active Remote Viewer, absent the express permission from the Programmer User that is allowing you to view the information.
) Availability. Medtronic has limitations on the number of users that can concurrently log in to the Licensed Software at any given time. Thus, installation of or accessing the Licensed Software does not guarantee that it will be available to you for use at any time.
Permissions. By installing and using the Licensed Software, you represent that you have permission to do so from any associated clinic, hospital, or medical practice and that your use of the Licensed Software complies with any policies or requirements of such associated clinic, hospital, or medical practice. You are also responsible for confirming that the Programmer User has obtained any necessary patient consent before allowing you to view any patient information via the Licensed Software.
Your Acknowledgements. You acknowledge that the Licensed Software is not the exclusive method of viewing information from the Programmer and that the Licensed Software is not the exclusive method by which to obtain a patient’s implanted cardiac device data, including any data on the Programmer. You also acknowledge that the Licensed Software is not intended to be used as a life-sustaining or interventional tool during medical emergencies. You further acknowledge that Medtronic is not, and shall not be deemed to be, a provider of patient health care services by virtue of its provision of access to the Programmer screen information via the Licensed Software. You also acknowledge that information from the Licensed Software is not an electronic medical record and use of the Licensed Software does not in any way relieve you from using your best medical judgment to determine a proper course of treatment for patients.
Security/Privacy of Patient Data. Your use of the Licensed Software and any Session Keys shall be solely for legitimate and lawful purposes and not for any malicious purpose. You are solely responsible for and will use your best efforts in maintaining the confidentiality and security of any copies of the Licensed Software as well as any user name, password credentials, and any Session Keys that can be used in accessing the Licensed Software, a Medtronic server, or any information from a Programmer. You are solely responsible for and will use your best efforts in keeping any patient information you may receive or view in connection with the Licensed Software confidential and secure, and you will not attempt to capture or copy any patient information you view in any electronic or hard copy format without the express permission of the Programmer User. You will be responsible for any obligations or liabilities associated with any lost, stolen, or otherwise compromised patient information.
Reporting Issues and Feedback. You agree that you will report any issues or questions, technical or otherwise, regarding the Licensed Software promptly and directly to Medtronic. If you submit any comments or ideas to Medtronic, in the absence of a separate agreement regarding such submissions, you grant to Medtronic an unrestricted, royalty-free, irrevocable license to use, reproduce, display, perform, modify, transmit, and distribute such ideas in any medium and agree that Medtronic is free to use them for any purpose. In addition, Medtronic has no obligation to provide continued maintenance and support to you in connection with the Licensed Software. Any maintenance and support services provided by Medtronic shall be at Medtronic’s sole discretion.
Limitations of Liability.
THE LICENSED SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED TO YOU “AS IS,” AND MEDTRONIC EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE LICENSED SOFTWARE AND YOUR USE THEREOF, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, AND NONINFRINGEMENT. MEDTRONIC DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE.
Legal Compliance. You shall at all times use the Licensed Software in compliance with all applicable laws. You shall ensure that your installation and use of the Licensed Software complies with all applicable export and import laws, regulations, orders, and policies of the United States of America and any other applicable jurisdiction. You represent and warrant that (i) you are not located in a country that is subject to a U.S. Government embargo, or that has been designated by the U.S. Government as a “terrorist supporting” country, and (ii) you are not listed on any U.S. Government list of prohibited or restricted parties.
Term, Termination, Modifications, and Support. This Agreement shall be in effect from the date when you first install or use the Licensed Software. Medtronic may modify, amend, or terminate this Agreement at any time, including by providing notices or an updated version of this Agreement on a Medtronic website. Medtronic may modify, disable, or terminate your use or Medtronic’s support of the Licensed Software at any time, including by providing notices on a Medtronic website. All obligations which are ongoing in nature shall survive termination or expiration of this Agreement. At any time upon Medtronic’s request (including via a notice on a Medtronic website), you agree to promptly delete and terminate use of any and all copies of the Licensed Software. In addition, upon Medtronic’s request, you agree to provide written verification that you have destroyed all copies of the Licensed Software together with the manner, date, and time of such destruction.
NayaMed International Sárl Customers: Whether the RemoteView feature shall be used in connection with NayaMed customers or devices shall be solely within the discretion of NayaMed International Sárl. If the Licensed Software is used connection with NayaMed customers or devices, this Agreement shall be directly between you and NayaMed with respect to those uses.
Jan. 21, 2020: Medtronic is making pacemaker history – again. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved Micra™ AV, Medtronic’s next generation of the world’s smallest pacemaker.
The decision means many more patients who need pacing may now be candidates to receive that therapy from a leadless pacemaker.
“The word that comes to mind is transformational,” said Robert Kowal, M.D., Vice President of Medical Affairs and Chief Medical Officer of Cardiac Rhythm and Heart Failure (CRHF) at Medtronic. “Technology changes to do two things. One, make the therapy better and two, make the therapy safer. This is about both of those things,” he said.
FDA approval of Micra AV expands the number of people who can receive leadless pacemaker therapy.
Until now, treatment with leadless pacing was appropriate in only about 15 percent of pacemaker cases. But because of its unique way of sensing and then pacing, Micra AV can treat patients with AV block, a condition in which the electrical signals between the chambers of the heart (the atria and the ventricle) are impaired. With the approval of Micra AV, Medtronic’s leadless pacing technology is now available to approximately half of all pacemaker patients in the U.S.
“It’s very exciting to be able to bring new technology to more patients,” said Kowal. “That’s the core of the Medtronic Mission. And this is just the beginning. Even though this is the next generation of micro technology, I still see this field as being in its infancy. There’s still a lot more to do.”
Micra AV is unique in the history of pacemakers. Until now, pacemakers sensed the heart’s electrical signals and used that information to provide pacing. But Medtronic scientists figured out how to re-purpose sensors, already inside the original Micra pacemaker, to recognize certain physical, or mechanical movements, within the heart – an approach to pacing that’s never been done before. Micra AV can detect the mechanical movement of a beat in one chamber of the heart – the atrium – and then pace another chamber where Micra is implanted – the ventricle – so the atrium and ventricle beat in synchrony.
Dr. Larry Chinitz, Director of the Heart Rhythm Center at NYU Langone Health, implanted the very first Micra pacemaker in the United States in 2014 and recently led the MARVEL 2 clinical study of Micra AV. Results from the study , presented at the American Heart Association 2019 Scientific Sessions and published simultaneously in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, showed that mechanical atrial sensing using Micra AV was capable of providing AV synchrony in patients with AV block and normal sinus rhythm. “We are now able to achieve AV synchrony with a device the size of a pill, placed in the ventricular apex without incisions, without leads and a 63 percent lower incidence of complications,” said Dr. Chinitz. “If this is not a game changer, if this is not the future of cardiac pacing, I have never witnessed such an event in my career.”
The series of 11 algorithms which sense the atrial heartbeat and then trigger a corresponding beat in the ventricle are the key to Micra AV, and they’re unlike anything ever developed at Medtronic.
“It’s quite complex,” said Todd Sheldon, Distinguished Scientist in CRHF. “It’s probably more complex detection from a pacing perspective of any algorithm that we’ve done in the history of Medtronic, as far as pure beat-to-beat pacing algorithms go.”
In their early stages, the algorithms, developed by Sheldon and a team of Medtronic scientists, were so complicated that they quickly drained Micra’s battery power. An engineering team led by systems engineer Julie Pronovici tackled that issue by adding firmware to run the algorithms, re-designing Micra’s circuitry to make its algorithm processing more efficient and adding software to be able to program and optimize the system.
“This is by far the most innovative, most technically challenging product project I’ve ever been involved with in my 19 years at Medtronic,” Pronovici said.
If this is not a game changer, if this is not the future of cardiac pacing, I have never witnessed such an event in my career.Dr. Larry Chinitz, Director of the Heart Rhythm Center at New York University’s Langone Health
The FDA approved the original Micra leadless pacemaker in the United States in 2016. Since then, more than 50,000 patients in 60 countries have received the device.
Studies have shown leadless pacing provides significant benefit to patients. Traditional pacemakers require surgery to create a pocket in the upper chest for the battery, and wires (leads) run from the battery into the heart. Leadless pacemakers are implanted inside the heart through the femoral vein in a minimally invasive procedure. They require no leads and studies have shown a 63 percent reduction in complications as compared to traditional pacemakers.
“One of my favorite words is ‘disruptive,’” said Dr. Chinitz. “Because ‘disruptive’ means you change the way physicians practice. You change the way people think. That’s what leadless pacing does. It’s a huge, dramatic change and I really believe this is the future."
Indications (or Intended Use)
Micra devices, Micra Model MC1VR01 and Micra AV Model MC1AVR1, are indicated for use in patients who have experienced one or more of the following conditions:
• Paroxysmal or permanent high-grade AV block in the presence of AF
• Paroxysmal or permanent high-grade AV block in the absence of AF, as an alternative to dual chamber pacing, when a dual-chamber transvenous pacing system is considered difficult, high risk, or not deemed necessary for effective therapy
• Symptomatic bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome or sinus node dysfunction (sinus bradycardia or sinus pauses), as an alternative to atrial or dual chamber pacing, when a dual-chamber transvenous pacing system is considered difficult, high risk, or not deemed necessary for effective therapy
Micra AV Model MC1AVR1 is also indicated for VDD pacing in patients with adequate sinus rates who may benefit from maintenance of AV synchrony. The Micra AV device provides AV synchronous ventricular pacing similar to a transvenous VDD system. The implanted device depends on the appropriate sensing of atrial mechanical signals to achieve AV synchrony. The level of AV synchrony may vary in individual patients and may not be predictable prior to implant.
Rate-responsive pacing is indicated to provide increased heart rate appropriate to increasing levels of activity.
The device is designed to be used only in the right ventricle.
Micra Model MC1VR01 and Micra AV Model MC1AVR1 are contraindicated for patients who have the following types of medical devices implanted: an implanted device that would interfere with the implant of the Micra device in the judgment of the implanting physician, an implanted inferior vena cava filter, a mechanical tricuspid valve, or an implanted cardiac device providing active cardiac therapy that may interfere with the sensing performance of the Micra device.
The device is contraindicated for patients who have the following conditions: femoral venous anatomy unable to accommodate a 7.8 mm (23 French) introducer sheath or implant on the right side of the heart (for example, due to obstructions or severe tortuosity), morbid obesity that prevents the implanted device from obtaining telemetry communication within ≤12.5 cm (4.9 in), or known intolerance to the materials listed in the Instruction for Use, or to heparin, or sensitivity to contrast media that cannot be adequately premedicated, or if the steroid dose from this device cannot be tolerated.
Warnings and Precautions
End of Service (EOS) – When the EOS condition is met, the clinician has the option of permanently programming the device to Off and leaving it in the heart, or retrieving the device, provided the device has not yet become encapsulated. Removal of the Micra device after it has become encapsulated may be difficult because of the development of fibrotic tissue. If removal of the device is required, it is recommended that the removal be performed by a clinician who has expertise in the removal of implanted leads.
MRI conditions for use – Before an MRI scan is performed on a patient implanted with the Micra device, the cardiology and radiology professionals involved in this procedure must understand the requirements specific to their tasks as defined in the device manuals.
Rate-responsive mode may not be appropriate for patients who cannot tolerate pacing rates above the programmed Lower Rate. For Micra Model MC1VR01, asynchronous VVIR pacing with sinus rhythm may not be appropriate when competitive pacing is considered undesirable or causes symptoms of pacemaker syndrome. The patient’s age and medical condition should be considered by physicians and patients as they select the pacing system, mode of operation, and implant technique best suited to the individual.
Precautions should be taken before administering anticoagulant agents, antiplatelet agents, or contrast media in patients with known hypersensitivity to these agents.
The use of deactivated Micra devices in situ and an active Micra device, or an active transvenous pacemaker or defibrillator, has not been clinically tested to determine whether EMI or physical interaction is clinically significant. Bench testing supports that implantation of an active Micra device, or an active transvenous pacemaker or defibrillator, next to an inactivated Micra device is unlikely to cause EMI or physical interaction. Post-approval studies are planned to characterize risks of co-implanted, deactivated Micra devices. Currently recommended end of device life care for a Micra device may include the addition of a replacement device with or without explanation of the Micra device, which should be turned off.
For Micra AV Model MC1AVR1, patient activities and environments which present mechanical vibrations to the patient can interfere with the mechanical sensing of atrial contractions. This can result in a loss of AV synchrony.
Potential Adverse Events or Potential Complications
Potential complications include, but are not limited to, toxic/allergic reaction, oversensing, pacemaker syndrome, cardiac arrest, acceleration of tachycardia, necrosis, myocardial infarction and surgical complications such as cardiac perforation, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, device embolization, hematoma, AV fistula, vessel dissection, infection, cardiac inflammation, and thrombosis.
See the device manuals for detailed information regarding the implant procedure, indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, MRI conditions for use, and potential complications/adverse events. For further information, please call Medtronic at 1-800-328-2518 and/or consult Medtronic’s website at www.medtronic.com.
Caution: Federal law (USA) restricts these devices to sale by or on the order of a physician.
Disclaimer: This page may include information about products that may not be available in your region or country. Please consult the approved indications for use. Content on specific Medtronic products is not intended for users in markets that do not have authorization for use.